Type And Antitype – The Scapegoat – Our Sins Were Laid On Jesus

Consider how the sins of the Israelites were “put” on the scapegoat before it was sent out to “bear” those sins into the wilderness in Leviticus 16:21-22 – “And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness:  And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.”

It’s no coincidence that Isaiah 53 quotes / refers back to Leviticus 16 and the scapegoat when talking about Jesus’ future sacrifice:

verse 6b “and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all”

verse 11b “for he shall bear their iniquities

So according to Isaiah 53, the scapegoat is a type of Christ, just like the lamb is a type of Christ (John 1:29a). The lamb didn’t literally take/bear away sin (Heb 10:4); instead Christ literally did. Likewise sins were not literally put/laid on the scapegoat; instead they are literally put/laid on Jesus. Jesus did literally take/bear our sins away (John 1:29b), right? Then they must also have been literally (spiritually, not physically) put/laid on Him – because in both type and reality, sins were put/laid on a carrier to bear them away.

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